Journal of Agriculture and Allied fields

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Journal of Reviews on Agriculture and Allied fields
Online ISSN – A/F
Print ISSN – A/F
Number of issues per year: Print frequency: Half-Yearly
Month(s) of publication: June and December
Description
Journal of Reviews on Agriculture and Allied fields has been brought up to give a platform to the agriculture scientists working in the KVKs as well as research and teaching schemes across the country with the sole objective to share their experiences while working in field with the farmers.

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Editor in Chief
PN Ananth

Editorial Board
J.K Sundaray, ICAR-CIFA, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
N.K Barik, ICAR-CIFA, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
K.P Vishwanatha, MPAU, Rahuri, Maharashtra
Yumnam Bedajit Singh, CAU, Imphal
Manisha Bhaita, KVK, Fatehgard Sahib, Panjab
MP Nayak, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
R Sendil Kumar, KAU Kerala
Minaxi Bariya, KVK, Gujarat
Mandhata Singh, KVK Buxar, Bihar
Routray, ICAR CIFA, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha
Kotresh Prasad, NDRI, Karnal Haryana
N.D Singh, West Kamang, Dirang Arunachal Pradesh
Rohit Gupta, KVK, Jalandhar Punjab
WS Dhillon, ICAR, New Delhi
Tasneem Mubarak, KVK Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir
K.S Yadav, PC, KVK Sagar, Madhya Pradesh
Tanmay Samajdar, ICAR-RC NEH, Umiam Meghalaya
SailaBala Dei, BAU, Sabour, Bihar

General guidelines
It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that
Papers are submitted strictly as per the style and format of the journal. The articles not confirming fully to the style and format of journal will be returned to author(s) by the editorial office for amendment, prior to a review for its scientific merit.

Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and has not been published previously, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in english or any other language. The submission of the article has the approval of the all co-authors and the authorities of the host institute where work has been carried out.

The editorial board discourages the submission of more than one article dealing with related aspects from the same study; this includes different aspects of data derived from one particular experiment, or cases in which the analytical techniques, animals or experimental procedures are common to all papers. If author(s) have valid reasons for separation of reports of one particular experiment or study into more than one paper, these must be submitted simultaneously.

The “Article submission certificate” duly signed by all the authors/head of host department / institute (optional) on a prescribed format must be furnished along with article at the time of submission. If the article is sent through e-mail, the scanned copy of certificate (signed / stamped) may be attached.

For publication of articles, all the contributing authors has to be the member (either life or annual) of Society of Krishi Vigyan.

The submitted manuscripts will be assessed from editorial points of view, at first, and if found suitable for publication, it will be sent for peer-review. The review process will be a double-blind process where author(s) and referees are unaware of each others’ name. The author(s) must abide by the suggestions of referee and the editorial board. The final decision to publish an article will lie with the Editor and Publisher of the journal.

The corresponding author will be sent the PDF file of his/her published article free of cost via e-mail. No hard copies of the reprints will be provided.

For enquiries regarding submission, please contact the editorial office at secretarykvk2011@gmail.com

Our publication ethics and malpractice statement is based on the guidelines for journal editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Manuscripts submitted to Journal for Reviews on Agriculture and Allied fields journal are evaluated entirely on the basis of their scientific content. There are no publication charges. All possible measures are taken to uphold the highest standards of publication ethics and to prevent malpractices. Authors who submit papers to our Journals attest that their work is original and unpublished and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. In addition, authors confirm that their paper is their own original work, that has not been copied or plagiarized, in whole or in part, from other works and if the authors have used the works of others the same has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Duties / Responsibilities of Editors
The Editorial Team of the Journal for Reviews on Agriculture and Allied fields, comprising the Editorial Board and the Committee for Publications is responsible for taking a decision as to which of the articles submitted to the journal are to be published. The Editors have complete discretion to reject/accept an article. The Editorial Team may confer/deliberate with other reviewers/ editors in arriving at its decisions. The evaluation of manuscripts is made on the basis of their scholarly and intellectual content without having regard to the nature of the authors or the institution including gender, race, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The journal follows a policy of fair play in its editorial evaluation. The editors are expected to exercise caution and ensure that they have no conflict of interest with respect to the articles they accept/reject. The editors and the editorial staff follow strict confidentiality and are required not to disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers and the publisher. Authors are encouraged to correct the errors which are found during the process of review while preserving the anonymity of the reviewers.

Duties / Responsibilities of Reviewers
Editorial decisions are based on peer review. The reviewers are expected to maintain absolute confidentiality with regard to the contents of manuscripts. The reviews are to be conducted objectively and the referees are expected to express their views clearly with supporting reasons. The reviewers should have no conflict of interest with the authors and the subject matter of the research. The reviewers are required to identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any observation or argument which has been previously reported should also be accompanied along with the relevant citation. Similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under review and any other published paper of which the reviewer may have personal knowledge, may also be brought to be attention of the editors. The information or ideas obtained through peer review are of a privileged nature and must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative or other relationship with any of authors or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties/Responsibilities of the Authors
Authors are required to present an accurate account of the original research work and also an objective discussion of its significance. The paper should contain sufficient details of the updated literature and references. It is expected that all the authors have significantly contributed to the research. Fraudulent and knowingly made inaccurate statement constitutes unethical behavior and would be unacceptable. Authors are required to ensure that the submitted work is original and has not been published elsewhere, and if the authors have used the work of others the same has been appropriately cited or quoted. Applicable copyright laws and conventions are required to be followed. Copyright materials should be reproduced only with permission and due acknowledgement. Authors are not expected to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently would constitute unethical practice and would be unacceptable. Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be made. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the paper which is submitted for publication. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects in the development of the paper should also be acknowledged. The corresponding author is required to ensure that all co-authors are included in the paper, and that the co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. All sources of financial support should also be disclosed. Upon discovery of any significant error in the published work, it is the responsibility of the authors to promptly notify the editors and cooperate in the retraction or correction of the paper.

Journal of Reviews on Agriculture and Allied fields has been brought up to give platform to the agriculture scientists working in the KVKs as well as research and teaching schemes across the country with the sole objective to share their experiences while working in field with the farmers.

Vol. 2, No. 1, Jan-Dec, 2020
Journal of Agriculture and Allied Filed

1. Indigenous Techniques of Dyeing of Fibres and Fabrics With Natural Dyes in Manipur

Indigenous Techniques of Dyeing of Fibres and Fabrics With Natural Dyes in ManipurDr. Y. Prabhabati Devi, ACTO, Home Science,KVK, Chandel, ICAR Manipur Centre

ABSTRACT
Natural dyes are dyes or colorants that are derived from plants, animals , insects and minerals .Most of the natural dyes are obtained from parts of plants-leaves, stem, barks, seeds ,flowers, roots etc. The present study is on dyeing of fibre and fabric with natural dye in Manipur. The study started by reviewing a wide range of literature like books, journals, bulletins concerned with natural dye and interview with people who engaged in this age-old tradition. All the documents available in written form were documented properly. Colour photograph of some of the handloom products dyed with natural dye were taken. The people of the state still use these dyes for dyeing of their handloom products which are famous all over the world. Different mordants like acidic and alkaline obtained from natural resources were also used to get different shades and also to increase the colour fastness of the fabric.

Key words: natural dye, age-old tradition, mordant, handloom, colour fastness.


2. Integrated Farming System for Doubling the Farmers Income- A Review

Integrated Farming System for Doubling the Farmers Income- A Review
I.U. SHEIKH, M. T. BANDAY, A.A. KHAN, S. ADIL AND I.A. BABA
Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shuhama,Srinagar-190006, India

Abstract
In India there are 115 million operational holdings and about 80 % are marginal and small farmers. The ever increasing population leading to decline in per capita availability of land in the country creating practically no scope for horizontal expansion of land for agriculture. Only vertical expansion is possible by integrating farming components requiring lesser space and time and ensuring reasonable returns to farm families. Because of the shortfall of traditional farming system, it is no longer able to fulfil the requirement of the farmer. Shrinkage in net cultivable area due to increasing population, rapid urbanization, increased environmental pollution and green house gases. Increasing cost of production due to shortage of feed/fodder. Low farm income due to traditional practices. These problems can be overcome by Integrated Farming System instead of monoculture. Because in IFS “there is no waste”, and “waste is only a misplaced resource which can become a valuable material for another product”.
Key words: IFS, Crop, Livestock, increase production, rural farmer


3. Prospects of Drudgery Reducing Equipments in Paddy for Farm Women in Odisha; Availability and Options

Prospects of Drudgery Reducing Equipments in Paddy for Farm Women in Odisha; Availability and Options
J Bhuyan, D K Mohanty, 3D Jayapuria and 4S Pal, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mayurbhanj-I (757049)-Odisha

ABSTRACT
“There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved”.
Swami Vivekananda
Rural Indian women are extensively involved in agricultural activities. The nature and extent of their involvement differs with the variations in agro production systems. The mode of female participation in agricultural production varies with the landowning status of farm households. In over all farm production, women’s average contribution is estimated at 55% to 66% of the total labour with percentages, much higher in certain regions. In the Indian Himalayas a pair of bullocks works 1064 hours, a man 1212 hours and a woman 3485 hours in a year on a once hectare farm, a figure that illustrates women’s significant contribution to


4. Potentialities of antioxidants in Tropical Fruit Crops

Potentialities of antioxidants in Tropical Fruit Crops
K. Thirumalaiselvi (SMS-Home Science),M. Elavarasan (SMS-Horticulture), and R. Prathana (SMS – Farm Manager), ICAR Krishi Vigyan Kendra (RVS), Tirunelveli– 627 852 (Tamil Nadu)
E-mail: thiru.kanchi@mail.com

ABSTRACT
The doctrine “Let food be thy medicine” espoused by Hippocrates nearly 2500 years ago is receiving interest by the researchers now a days. Recently, the focus has been shifted to the achievement of a balanced diet, and maximization of both life expectancy and quality, by identifying food ingredients that improve the capacity to resist disease and enhance health (Agte and Tarwadi, 2012).There has been a rapid increase in the oxidative stress and associated disorders such as prevalence of diabetes, cataract and cardiovascular diseases, due to the rapid changes in diet and lifestyle. The natural strategies such as increased intake of antioxidant rich food could be a valuable tool in coping up with the stress (FAO,2004)


5. Awareness, Constraints, Benefits and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Existing Women Beneficiaries Through MGNREGA: A Review

Awareness, Constraints, Benefits and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Existing Women Beneficiaries Through MGNREGA: A Review
*Charu Sharma and **Ram Niwas
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pokaran-345021 (Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner) Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India.
Email: sharmacharu30@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to review the literature on Awareness, benefits, socio-economic empowerment and constraints of existing women beneficiaries of MGNREGA. This scheme is considered as a powerful instrument for ensuring wide-ranging growth in rural milieu through its impact on social protection, livelihood security and democratic empowerment. Its approach among reaching at the peoples end i.e. bottom up, people centered, demand driven, self- selecting, and right – based design is distinct and exceptional. Besides this the scheme means to provide employment to the rural poor during the lean agricultural season. In addition to providing income during unavailability of work, the programme targets to create durable assets and bring inclusive growth and sustainable development. In this way it is found that it’s provide a legal guarantee for wage employment and gives legal provisions for allowance and compensation both in cases of failure to provide work demand and delays in payment of wages for work undertaken. Also MGNREGA boost up the economy of existing beneficiaries specially women with its innovative approach of growth and development. On the basis of above study also found some constraints like as no shade availability at worksite was main constraints faced to a high extent whereas nearly most of respondent found unavailability of first aid facilities in case of injury occurred to workers and lack of crèche facilities to some extent. Nearly half of beneficiaries reported lack of safe drinking water at worksite.
Key Words: Empowerment, Livelihood, Sustainable, Development and Economy.


6. Crop Regulation in Guava: A Review

Crop Regulation in Guava: A Review
Anop Kumari* and Mahesh Choudhary2
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Maulasar, 341 506, Nagaur (Agriculture University, Jodhpur )
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Fatehpur- Shekhawati 332 301, Sikar (SKNAU, Jobner- Jaipur)
Email: anopflori.25@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Crop regulation planning is about identifying, selecting, implementing and monitoring methods to control the quality and yield of crop. If plants left to nature they may bloom and fruit unevenly through-out the year but quality and yield is not so good in all crop harvest. In order to overcome this problem and to force a full crop in any of the three seasons, as required by the grower and the traders, bahar treatment is practiced in fruit orchards. Understanding of crop regulation will help to optimize harvest time which reduce surplus in the market, to obtain higher price of the produce, to avoid spoilage due to excessive production at a particular time, to provide employment throughout the year and balance the trade and to reduce imports. Compared to summer crop, winter crop is much superior in quality and fetch premium price. In addition, it will also help in pest and disease control by avoiding exposure of plant susceptible stage with respect to particular pest/disease cycle. The purpose of this discussion is to review basic knowledge available on the regulation of flowering and the way as these processes can be manipulated to the advantage of the grower.
Key Words: Guava, Bahar treatment, Crop regulation, Deblossoming, Pruning, Water stress


2019

1. Indigenous Techniques of Dyeing of Fibres and Fabrics With Natural Dyes in Manipur

Indigenous Techniques of Dyeing of Fibres and Fabrics With Natural Dyes in ManipurDr. Y. Prabhabati Devi, ACTO, Home Science,KVK, Chandel, ICAR Manipur Centre

ABSTRACT
Natural dyes are dyes or colorants that are derived from plants, animals , insects and minerals .Most of the natural dyes are obtained from parts of plants-leaves, stem, barks, seeds ,flowers, roots etc. The present study is on dyeing of fibre and fabric with natural dye in Manipur. The study started by reviewing a wide range of literature like books, journals, bulletins concerned with natural dye and interview with people who engaged in this age-old tradition. All the documents available in written form were documented properly. Colour photograph of some of the handloom products dyed with natural dye were taken. The people of the state still use these dyes for dyeing of their handloom products which are famous all over the world. Different mordants like acidic and alkaline obtained from natural resources were also used to get different shades and also to increase the colour fastness of the fabric.

Key words: natural dye, age-old tradition, mordant, handloom, colour fastness.

2. Integrated Farming System for Doubling the Farmers Income- A Review

Integrated Farming System for Doubling the Farmers Income- A Review
I.U. SHEIKH, M. T. BANDAY, A.A. KHAN, S. ADIL AND I.A. BABA
Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shuhama,Srinagar-190006, India

Abstract
In India there are 115 million operational holdings and about 80 % are marginal and small farmers. The ever increasing population leading to decline in per capita availability of land in the country creating practically no scope for horizontal expansion of land for agriculture. Only vertical expansion is possible by integrating farming components requiring lesser space and time and ensuring reasonable returns to farm families. Because of the shortfall of traditional farming system, it is no longer able to fulfil the requirement of the farmer. Shrinkage in net cultivable area due to increasing population, rapid urbanization, increased environmental pollution and green house gases. Increasing cost of production due to shortage of feed/fodder. Low farm income due to traditional practices. These problems can be overcome by Integrated Farming System instead of monoculture. Because in IFS “there is no waste”, and “waste is only a misplaced resource which can become a valuable material for another product”.
Key words: IFS, Crop, Livestock, increase production, rural farmer

3. Prospects of Drudgery Reducing Equipments in Paddy for Farm Women in Odisha; Availability and Options

Prospects of Drudgery Reducing Equipments in Paddy for Farm Women in Odisha; Availability and Options
J Bhuyan, D K Mohanty, 3D Jayapuria and 4S Pal, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mayurbhanj-I (757049)-Odisha

ABSTRACT
“There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved”.
Swami Vivekananda
Rural Indian women are extensively involved in agricultural activities. The nature and extent of their involvement differs with the variations in agro production systems. The mode of female participation in agricultural production varies with the landowning status of farm households. In over all farm production, women’s average contribution is estimated at 55% to 66% of the total labour with percentages, much higher in certain regions. In the Indian Himalayas a pair of bullocks works 1064 hours, a man 1212 hours and a woman 3485 hours in a year on a once hectare farm, a figure that illustrates women’s significant contribution to

4. Potentialities of antioxidants in Tropical Fruit Crops

Potentialities of antioxidants in Tropical Fruit Crops
K. Thirumalaiselvi (SMS-Home Science),M. Elavarasan (SMS-Horticulture), and R. Prathana (SMS – Farm Manager), ICAR Krishi Vigyan Kendra (RVS), Tirunelveli– 627 852 (Tamil Nadu)
E-mail: thiru.kanchi@mail.com

ABSTRACT
The doctrine “Let food be thy medicine” espoused by Hippocrates nearly 2500 years ago is receiving interest by the researchers now a days. Recently, the focus has been shifted to the achievement of a balanced diet, and maximization of both life expectancy and quality, by identifying food ingredients that improve the capacity to resist disease and enhance health (Agte and Tarwadi, 2012).There has been a rapid increase in the oxidative stress and associated disorders such as prevalence of diabetes, cataract and cardiovascular diseases, due to the rapid changes in diet and lifestyle. The natural strategies such as increased intake of antioxidant rich food could be a valuable tool in coping up with the stress (FAO,2004)

5. Awareness, Constraints, Benefits and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Existing Women Beneficiaries Through MGNREGA: A Review

Awareness, Constraints, Benefits and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Existing Women Beneficiaries Through MGNREGA: A Review
*Charu Sharma and **Ram Niwas
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pokaran-345021 (Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner) Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India.
Email: sharmacharu30@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to review the literature on Awareness, benefits, socio-economic empowerment and constraints of existing women beneficiaries of MGNREGA. This scheme is considered as a powerful instrument for ensuring wide-ranging growth in rural milieu through its impact on social protection, livelihood security and democratic empowerment. Its approach among reaching at the peoples end i.e. bottom up, people centered, demand driven, self- selecting, and right - based design is distinct and exceptional. Besides this the scheme means to provide employment to the rural poor during the lean agricultural season. In addition to providing income during unavailability of work, the programme targets to create durable assets and bring inclusive growth and sustainable development. In this way it is found that it’s provide a legal guarantee for wage employment and gives legal provisions for allowance and compensation both in cases of failure to provide work demand and delays in payment of wages for work undertaken. Also MGNREGA boost up the economy of existing beneficiaries specially women with its innovative approach of growth and development. On the basis of above study also found some constraints like as no shade availability at worksite was main constraints faced to a high extent whereas nearly most of respondent found unavailability of first aid facilities in case of injury occurred to workers and lack of crèche facilities to some extent. Nearly half of beneficiaries reported lack of safe drinking water at worksite.
Key Words: Empowerment, Livelihood, Sustainable, Development and Economy.

6. Crop Regulation in Guava: A Review

Crop Regulation in Guava: A Review
Anop Kumari* and Mahesh Choudhary2
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Maulasar, 341 506, Nagaur (Agriculture University, Jodhpur )
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Fatehpur- Shekhawati 332 301, Sikar (SKNAU, Jobner- Jaipur)
Email: anopflori.25@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Crop regulation planning is about identifying, selecting, implementing and monitoring methods to control the quality and yield of crop. If plants left to nature they may bloom and fruit unevenly through-out the year but quality and yield is not so good in all crop harvest. In order to overcome this problem and to force a full crop in any of the three seasons, as required by the grower and the traders, bahar treatment is practiced in fruit orchards. Understanding of crop regulation will help to optimize harvest time which reduce surplus in the market, to obtain higher price of the produce, to avoid spoilage due to excessive production at a particular time, to provide employment throughout the year and balance the trade and to reduce imports. Compared to summer crop, winter crop is much superior in quality and fetch premium price. In addition, it will also help in pest and disease control by avoiding exposure of plant susceptible stage with respect to particular pest/disease cycle. The purpose of this discussion is to review basic knowledge available on the regulation of flowering and the way as these processes can be manipulated to the advantage of the grower.
Key Words: Guava, Bahar treatment, Crop regulation, Deblossoming, Pruning, Water stress


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