Ways and Means

Journals for Review on Agriculture and Allied Field  Year : 2018, Volume : 1, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 8)
Print ISSN : AF. Online ISSN : AF

Ways and Means of Paddy Straw Management: A Review

Bindu, Manoj Sharma and Jatinder Manan
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kapurthala 144620 ( Punjab)
*Email for Correspondence – : kvk-kapurthala@pau.edu

Online published on 02 Feb, 2019.

ABSTRACT

The burning of paddy straw results in extensive impacts both on and off farm, e.g. losses in soil organic matter, soil nutrients, production and productivity, air quality, biodiversity, water and energy efficiency and on human and animal health. In India, being a largest producer of rice as well as of its residue, the effects from residue burning are more severe. Scientists and researchers, on the other hand, have studied the potential of various paddy straw management technologies as alternatives to paddy straw open-field burning. It is documented that crop residues properly returned to the soil can maintain or enhance soil quality and productivity through favourable effects on soil properties. In addition to this paddy straw can be used as energy source, mulching, industrial raw material, biofuel and feed for animals etc.

KEYWORDS

Paddy straw, Burning, Crop-residue, Biochar, Mulch, Compost, Biogas.