Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences – Physics- Author Guidelines

General Format:

Before submission of the new manuscript authors should consider the following general rules for preparation of the manuscript. Please read these instructions carefully and follow the guidelines strictly.

Manuscripts must be typed on A4 (210 × 297 mm) paper, double-spaced throughout and with ample margins of at least 2.5 cm. All pages must be numbered consecutively. Starting with the title page as p.1, the text, which begins with p.2, is to be arranged in the following order: abstract, brief introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references, figure legends, tables.
The first page of the full manuscript must begin with the title of the paper centered on the page in 14 point Bold Title Case (title case means first letter of each main word capitalized), the names of the authors (Initials – followed by a period each – Family Name) with the main author’s name mentioned first, the names and locations of the authors’ affiliations (Title Case), and the e-mail address of the main author. The title page must provide the title in English, a short title of not more than 45 characters (including spaces) to be used as running head, up to five topical key words in English for subject indexing, the full postal address of the corresponding author to whom proofs will be sent. The title should be brief and should indicate the species studied. Subtitles are not encouraged.
The abstract should not exceed 250 words, should be one paragraph and should be free of references and abbreviations. It should indicate clearly the scope and main conclusions of the paper.
The introduction should give the pertinent background to the study and should explain why the work was done.
The materials and methods (or methodology) should give essential details, including experimental design and statistical analysis.
The results should present the findings of the research. They should be free from discussion. Results should be written in the past tense.
The discussion should cover, but not simply repeat the new findings and should present the author’s results in broader context of other work on the subject interpreting them with a minimum of speculation.
The acknowledgements should be as brief as possible.
Equations should be typewritten and with the number placed in parentheses at the right margin. Reference to the equation should use the form ‘Eq. (3)’ or ‘(3)’.

 TABLES, FIGURES & ILLUSTRATIONS
While presenting data, authors should anticipate the limitations set by the size and layout of the journal. Large and complex tables, figures and maps should be avoided in the main paper, but can be included in a data appendix for use by the reviewers.
Figures should be saved in a neutral data format such as JPEG, TIFF or EPS. PowerPoint and Word graphics are unsuitable for reproduction. Please do not use any pixel-oriented programmes. Scanned figures (in JPEG and TIFF formats) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size.
Any tables and figures that are included in the main text of the paper should be numbered separately, in the sequence that they are mentioned in the text.
Each table and figure should be presented on a separate page of the manuscript, with a brief and self-explanatory title. All text should be clearly legible, and all graphics and legends should be easily distinguished when printed in black and white. Tables should use horizontal lines only, with only blank space to separate columns.
Notes under each table and figure should be used to explain and specify the source of all data shown.

CITING REFERENCES IN THE TEXT
References must be cited in the text in superscript digits at end of sentence or paragraph before punctuation or full stop1. In case of two or more references, separate the superscript digits by comma1,2,6. Moreover, If there are more references but in continuous numbers then use dash between superscript digits2-6.Citation may be direct or indirect, see the following examples;

Direct citation

a) Farooq et al. 1 studied the temperature effect on cuticular hydrocarbons of termite.

b) According to Shafqat and Saba2, cuticular hydrocarbons can be used to identify termite species.

c) Variations in cuticular hydrocarbons may also assist for species recognition and foraging behaviour, investigated by Zeeshan and Pasha3.

Indirect citation

a) Temperature affects cuticular hydrocarbons of termite1. Cuticular hydrocarbons can be used to identify termite species2. Variations in cuticular hydrocarbons may also assist for species recognition and foraging behavio

ABBREVIATIONS AND UNITS
Generally, units must be abbreviated according to the International System of Units (SI units). It is important to maintain the capital letters and lower case letters as they appear in the abbreviation to avoid confusion with the other abbreviations.

LIST OF REFERENCES

The list of references appears at the end of your work and gives the full details of everything that you have used, according to same chronological order as cited in the text.
All sources must be referred in a consistent manner. Choose from the list of sources below, the examples given, provide a guide to the format and punctuation you should use.

• Journal (Print)
• Journal (Electronic)
• Book
• Book Chapter
• Conference Papers
Journal Article (Print)

Elements:

1. Author’s surname, Initial
2. Publication Year
3. Article Title
4. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)
5. Volume
6. Starting Pages
7. Ending Pages
8. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
9. Direct link of the published article

Example:

Sepaskhah, A.R. and M.M. Ghasemi, 2008. Every-other-furrow irrigation with different irrigation intervals for grain sorghum. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 11: 1234-1239. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1234.1239; PMID 236548759;

Journal Article (Electronic)

Elements:
1. Author’s surname, Initial
2. Publication Year
3. Article Title
4. Name of Journal (with/without abbreviations)
5. Volume
6. Page Numbers (if applicable)
7. Available at
8. Accessed on (enter date you viewed the article)
9. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Example:

Brittion, A., 2006. How much and how often should we drink? Br. Med. J., 332: 1224-1225.

Available from: http://bmj.bjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/332/7552/1224 [Accessed 2 June 2006].

Book

• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Book
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• ISBN Number

Example:

Anderson, J. and M. Poole, 1998. Assignment and thesis writing. 3re Edn., John While and Sons.

Book Chapter

• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Chapter
• In: (enter editor’s surname and initials)
• Book Title
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• Page number
• ISBN

Example:

Mason, J., 1999. Recent Developments in the Prediction of Global Warming. In: Energy Demand and Planning, McVeigh, J.C. and J.G. Morgue, (Eds.). E&FN Spon., pp: 34-52.

Conference Papers
Conference paper’s should be referenced using the following format and punctuation.

• Author’s surname, initials
• Date of publication
• Title of paper
• In: Editor’s surname, initials, (if applicable)
• Title of proceeding
• Place of conference
• Date of conference

• Publishers
• Page numbers of contribution

Example:
Clifton, J.J., 1999. Hazard prediction. In: Disaster prevention, planning and limitation. University of Bradford, 12-13 September 1989. Technical Communications Ltd., pp: 54-64.

8. SUGGESTING THE REVIEWERS
Authors are asked to facilitate the review process by providing the names and e-mail addresses of at least three suitable reviewers, on the understanding that the editor is not bound by any such nomination. Failure to follow this request may delay the handling of your paper, since the editorial office may specifically ask you to nominate potential reviewers for papers covering unfamiliar areas.
SUBMISSION OF NEW MANUSCRIPT
Manuscript should be submitted electronically to Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences (BPAS) to facilitate rapid publication and minimize administrative costs. All manuscripts should be submitted through online submission system. A user ID and password for the site can be obtained on first use. Online submission ensures the quickest possible review and allows authors to track the progress of their papers. It is recommended that text files are uploaded as Microsoft Word documents or generic rich text format (RTF) files and figures as JPEG, GIF, TIFF or EPS files. Authors should read Guide to Authors carefully before submission of their manuscripts.

Note: In order to submit a NEW Manuscript to Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences (BPAS), you must be a registered user of BPAS Publications, if you do not register, please register before you submit a NEW Manuscript.

Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review. If for some technical reason submission through the online submission system is not possible, the author may contact editorial
FINAL PROOF CORRECTIONS AND SUBMISSION

The next step in the publication process involves reviewing the galley proofs for your article. Please return the checked galley proofs via e-mail (bpaspublications@gmail.com) or via online submission system within 72 hours of receipt. Late return of galley proofs may mean postponement to a later issue. Please make a copy of the corrected proofs before returning them; keep the copy for your records.
This step is entirely the responsibility of the corresponding author. The galley proofs will not be read by editorial staff. Errors that you fail to mark will be published.
The corresponding author of an accepted manuscript will receive e-mail notification and complete instructions when page proofs are available for review via a secure Web site. Final proof will be provided in Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages. The attention of the authors is directed to the instructions which accompany the proof, especially the requirement that all corrections, revisions, and additions be entered on the proof and not on the manuscript.

Note that you are being asked to correct errors, not to revise the paper. You will not be charged for our editing mistakes or typographical errors, but you will be charged for any alterations from the original text that you make on the galley proofs. Extensive alteration may require Editorial Board approval, possibly delaying publication.
Please follow these guidelines when reviewing the galley proofs:

• Mark your corrections, in red ink, directly on the galley proofs. Make sure that your corrections are noticeable and easy to understand.
• Check all type on the galley proofs. Check the title, the abbreviations list, and the author–paper documentation paragraph.
• Check the table data against that in your original tables.

• Check any equations against those in your original manuscript. Make sure special characters have not dropped out.
• Check to be sure that figures are entirely legible, including any small-print text.
• If you find an error, look again at the lines around the error. Mistakes tend to cluster.

 SUBMISSION OF FINAL PROOF CORRECTIONS

The next step in the publication process is to submit finally checked galley proof. Take the following steps to provide the final proof corrections:

Scan only those pages marked with corrections.
Save each scanned page in JPG format.
Submit all scanned pages via e-mail to bpaspublications@gmail.com
Write the statement like “No modification on page number 1, 2, 3, 7, 8” about the pages required no corrections.